Now that we have separated the top-most layer from the bottom, we will add the remaining of shadows left of what we have worked on. We are looking for the shadows right now, which are the areas between the hairs where no light hits. A quick way to do this is to lightly go over the area with a 6b pencil. If you flatten the tip of pencil, it will make it much easier and will cover the area evenly. On the next step we will begin using the kneaded eraser. The purpose of the eraser is to highlight some hairs and combine others. I’ll explain when we get there. You should have now have something like this. Again, please don’t feel frustrated if yours is not looking like mine. This technique takes time and you get much more success the more you understand how hair behaves. Keep trying this tutorial. I suggest you try out this tutorial so you have a better understanding. I want, more than anything, for you to understand the concept behind whats going on. If you understand that, then the rest will come with practice. This whole technique is based on something called “negative drawing“. Read that tutorial and it’ll make things much more clear.
This section also has layers. Hairs overlap each other and clump together. Keep that work in mind “clump”. Using a kneaded eraser we will now begin highlighting single hairs. This will separate the top most hairs from the bottom. We do this by taking the kneaded eraser and squeezing it between your thumb and index finger in order to make a fine edge. With that edge, you tap along one of the indentation. The indentations that you tap can’t be random. They need to make sense. What you are looking for, are indentations that look like they are overlapping other indentations. The highlight will overlap the bottom hair which you will darken individually after with a 2H pencil to get the full effect.
Something else you will need to look for are clumps of hairs. Clumping is when individual hairs come together and creates a “clump”. You can get this effect by erasing the pencil between the indentations. This will give the effect of clumps of hairs. If you look at the reference image, you can see these clumps all over the mane. Doing this gives the hair much more volume and gives it more depth. Again, you need to recognize which hairs would make sense if you clump them together. This will come with experience and over time you will recognize just by looking at the indentations which hairs can be clumped.
The image below shows that i have darkened the shadows that are caused by overlapping hair and i have also added highlights and clumps. You can see that these simple things have a huge impact on the overall drawing. You can already see the layers of hairs and it gives it much more depth. From this point, it’s just finding shadows and highlights and bringing them out. Hair grows in layers and that is what we are trying to show. All that planning that we did when we we’re indenting is now showing.
Ok, we wont add all the highlights and clumps just yet. Lets first start finding the shadows on the next section. This section of hair will be the top most layer and that is why we left it for last. This area will follow the same rules that we’ve been using up to now. We will identify the shadows and start darkening them. With a q-tip lightly go over the area, revealing the indentations. Once we have that we will start adding the darkest shadows. These are areas where no light or not as much light reaches. We will then lightly go over the area with a 6B pencil. Again, It makes it much simpler if the tip of pencil is flat so that it covers a larger area. This will further reveal the shadows that we will be working with. We will be moving a bit faster from this point on as everything we will be doing we have done already. The reason i mentioned at the beginning that we wont be copying exactly as the reference is because we have put lots of work into the indentations and we want that to show. So we will be adding additional details such as shadows and others things to make the indentations more visible. Well, you should now have something like this showing more of the indentations.
I’ve been adding more graphite to the shadows and slowly they layers are revealing themselves, which will make it easier to do the step i mentioned above. Here is what have. Notice how each layer of pencil that I’m adding brings out the layers more and more. It’s now just a matter of separating them. If you look at the reference image you will notice that the hair color is kind of orange and that would translate to a gray value with pencil, so we will be darkening the hair as we go along too. You can do this either with a 2H pencil or just use a q-tip to blend the surrounding pencil.
With this part of the drawing i switch between 6B and 2H pencil, each helps in controlling how much pencil to add to paper. Now that we have more pencil on paper, we can also start using the kneaded eraser more to add clumps of hairs and highlight individual hairs. On the next image all I’ve done is add more dark shadows, bring out highlights with kneaded eraser and create clumps of hairs. I just kept repeating that until i’m happy with the result. The q-tip helps in darkening large areas, which i then go in and bring out those individual highlights with kneaded eraser. Sometimes, it may not be dark enough, so you add a bit more graphite with the 6b pencil and you blend with the q-tip and bring out the highlights again. It’s just a lot of repetition, but well worth it in the end. Compare the final image below to the image above and you will see that all I’ve done is darken those shadows to make the layers of hair more relevant. The close-up image shows a better view of those single hairs that overlap other clumps of hair and it shows how much depth it gives the drawing. Small details like that make a huge difference in the end. I could refining the highlights to even further show the layers but i hope the image below shows what we’ve been accomplishing all along. Don’t feel discouraged if yours does not look like my final drawing. Give it another shot and put everything that you’ve read from the beginning to more practice. This technique gives amazing results but you need patience and time dedicated to make it work. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below and i will do my best to help you out.
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